Estrada de Ferro Leopoldina
This railroad was formed in the beginning of the XX century through the
amalgamation of 38 short railroads located in the center and north of the
Rio de Janeiro, southeast of the Minas Gerais and south of the Espirito Santo
states. This huge conglomerate, with more than 3,200 km of lines, was
controlled by a British administration.
It was a very interesting railroad, with rack lines in the hilly country
between Rio de Janeiro city and the highlands, the Serra do Mar. This
railroad was taken over by the Brazilian government in the early fifties and
incorporated to R.F.F.S.A., the federal railroad network, in 1957. This state-owned period was
marked by a continuous decadence, with the supression with
many kilometers of branches, including the rack lines, that disappeared in 1965.
Now the lines of the former Leopoldina belongs to a privatized company,
Ferrovia Centro Atlāntica - F.C.A., but
only a small fraction of the original mileage still remains.
An interesting text about the situation in 1935 of this railroad, including
some references to other Brazilian railroads as well, can be found
at the web site The
Railways of Brazil.
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Last Update: 19 June 2003
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© Antonio Augusto Gorni